13 May 2019

Monday, May 20th, 2019
6:30 p.m.
Raymond Frye Complex
320 N. Jefferson, Wellington, KS


 “The History of Wellington’s Pioneer Cemetery”


Wellington – On Monday, May 20th at 6:30 p.m., Jim Bales, Chisholm Trail Board Member and Facilities Director, will present the program “The History of Wellington’s Pioneer Cemetery” to visitors and members of the Sumner County Historical & Genealogical Society at the Raymond Frye Complex, 320 N. Jefferson, Wellington.  Everyone is invited to attend the free program.

In April of 1871, shortly after Wellington was founded along the banks of Slate Creek in South Central Kansas, Major A. N. Randall, Union veteran and Wellington town founder, saw the need for a burying ground.  Captain Randall donated five acres of his homestead, and the cemetery became known as “Wellington Cemetery.”

Early records were lost, tombstones have vanished, and cemetery boundaries changed, so it’s difficult to guess, even using ‘grave witching,’ how many folks were buried in this cemetery.
Bales will share stories of the founding of the town’s earliest burying ground, discuss some of the city founders, and share stories about some of the people buried there.

Burials that include Civil War Union soldiers, both white and African-American, two Confederate soldiers, merchants, a gunshot victim, and three horse thieves. The causes of death reflect the dangers that Kansas pioneers faced daily from accidents, disease, gunshot wounds, and for three horse thieves - hanging.

“These burials are a memorial to the people that came before us to settle this country,” Bales said, “they lived a hard and interesting life.”

“It is important to do this research and renovate this cemetery so that future generations will know these people’s histories, trials and tribulations, and that future generations will hold these final resting places as hallowed grounds,” Bales said, “researching and remembering their lives is more important to me than what’s going on with the Kardashians on TV.”

Currently, the Sumner County Historical and Genealogical Society and the Chisholm Trail Museum are raising funds to make a few improvements to the Pioneer Cemetery.

“We need to raise just a small amount to put up a flagpole, a proper sign, and a kiosk for information about the burials to show proper respect to these former citizens of our town,” Bales said,  “I feel that the respect and reverence that we show toward our ancestors burials reflects on us and our society.”

“When I leave this earth, I would like to think that people will look at my memorial and remember me,” Bales said, “that my final resting place will be just that, my final resting place.”





14 May 2018

"Early Entertainment in Wellington and the Historic Regent Theater"



Monday, May 21st, 2018
6:30 p.m.
Wellington Public Library
121 W. 7th, Wellington, KS
Lower Level; West door


“Early Entertainment in Wellington and the Historic Regent Theater”

Wellington – Jim Bales, Chisholm Trail Museum, Wellington, is fascinated by Sumner County History, and he and other volunteers work each week to preserve Sumner County’s fascinating history and share it in articles, presentations, and with museum visitors.

Bales will present the program “Early Entertainment in Wellington, and the Historic Regent Theater” to members and guests of the Sumner County Historical & Genealogical Society on Monday, May 21st at 6:30 p.m. at the Wellington Public Library. Everyone is invited to attend the free program. For information or weather cancellations: President Jane Moore - 620-441-9835 or Vice-President Sherry Kline at 316-833-6161.

According to Bales, the first theater mentioned in newspapers was in 1907.

Prior to theaters, Bales said the Opera House, located on the southwest corner of 7th and Washington, where the Beehive  Quilt and Toy Shop now stands, featured live acts, vaudeville, and even showed a few films before burning down in the early 1900’s.

“There were several theaters in Wellington mentioned throughout the years,” Bales said, adding that there was an outdoor theater named the Airdome and two indoor theaters located in the 100 block of South Washington, right across the street from each other.

“Sometimes, the locations of the theaters stayed the same, but the name changed several times, “Bales said.

Bales said that the Regent Theater building housed several different businesses before becoming a theater.  

"The Ashland was the first theater’s name," Bales said, "but before it became the Ashland, there was a livery stable, then a wholesale grocery distributor, and then a roller rink."

Bales said in 1908, newspapers documented a juvenile crime wave, as they were unable to afford some of the early days entertainment, some of the city’s youth turned to theft to be able to afford to go to the theater.

Bales said that he can identify with these youth.

“We used to ride around town on bicycles and pick up pop bottles,” Bales said, “and then cash them in at Hepler’s Market and hit the candy aisle.”

Bales will share information and photographs with a PowerPoint presentation, and would like help identifying an interior photograph of an early days Wellington theater.

Admission: FREE


GUESTS ALWAYS WELCOME!

04 May 2018

May 21st, 2018

Speaker - Jim Bales, Chisholm Trail Museum

Jim Bales, Chisholm Trail Museum
Jim Bales, Chisholm Trail Museum


Our speaker for May will be Jim Bales from the Chisholm Trail Museum!  Jim has two topics to choose from for his May talk and he will let us know soon which he chooses!

"The Plunge" the private Wellington swimming pool and the historic "Regent Theatre"!  Whichever topic Jim chooses will be fascinating with lots of tidbits you didn't know!

  We meet at the Wellington Public Library, 121 W. 7th, Wellington, Kansas at 6:30 p.m.


Admission: FREE

GUESTS ALWAYS WELCOME!

15 March 2018



Etzanoa – The City Before Arkansas City

Etzanoa - The Great Settlement sat in 1601 where the city of Arkansas City now sits!
Etzanoa - The Great Settlement


Long before there was a city named Arkansas City, before Kansas was a state, even before the Pilgrims landed at Plymouth Rock in 1620, the Rayados people had a large and thriving settlement at the confluence of the Walnut and Arkansas Rivers where Arkansas City sits now.

On Monday, March 26th, Sandy Randel, Director of the Cherokee Strip Land Museum and Coordinator for the Etzanoa Conservancy, will speak to the Sumner County Historical and Genealogical Society and share the story of “Etzanoa – the city before Arkansas City” with a video and PowerPoint presentation and answer questions. The meeting begins at 6:30 p.m. at the Wellington Public Library, lower level, 121 W. 7th, Wellington. P program is free; visitors welcome.  For questions or weather cancellation, contact Jane at 620-447-3266 or Sherry at 316-833-6161.

They were hunting for gold…


It was 1601, 417 years ago, when Juan de Oñate, colonial governor of the Santa Fe de Nuevo México province in the Viceroyalty of New Spain set out with approximately 130 Spanish soldiers, a dozen Franciscan priests, servants, scouts, cannons, and weapons to search for gold.
They didn’t find it. 
But according to diaries, eyewitness accounts, and maps from the Conquistadores, they did find herds of “monstrous cattle” that they pronounced “good to eat”, grass so high in places that it “hid a horse,” and when they reached what is now Oklahoma, they found the Escanxaque native people who were nomadic hunters, and enemies of the native people of Etzanoa.

The Escanxaque told the Conquistadores about the “great settlement” called Etzanoa, and then followed Oñate and his troops north to the Great Settlement at the confluence of what is now the Walnut and Arkansas rivers.

There, Oñate and his soldiers found at least 2,000 post and pole, grass-thatched houses seventy to eighty feet in circumference. Houses separated by crops of beans, squash, and maize, houses big enough for eight to ten occupants.
Because of the paint and tattoos on their faces, the Conquistadores called the natives at Etzanoa the “Rayados”, which means “striped” in Spanish.
When Oñate decided to return to Nuevo México, the Escanxaque attacked the troops. Even though they were outnumbered, the Spanish cannons and muskets forced the Escanxaque to take shelter in a rocky gully, leaving behind evidence of the battle. Several of the Escanxaque were killed or wounded. Some of Oñate’s troops were injured, but none were killed. 
The next day, Oñate and his troops began their journey back to New Mexico; they arrived on Nov 24, 1601.

After a new translation of the Spanish records of Oñate’s journey was done in 2013 it helped Dr. Donald Blakeslee, Professor of Anthropology and Archeology at Wichita State University to locate and verify the location of the Great Settlement.

And that battle between the Conquistadores and the Escanxaque left behind cannon and musket balls that helped Dr. Blakeslee verify that this is the site of the Etzanoa village.

How Old Was the Settlement?

They don’t know how long Etzanoa existed prior to 1601, and they aren’t sure how long it was there after 1601, but Randel knows that a town of that size didn’t spring up overnight.
 “We know it was there in 1601,” Randel said., “there would have needed to be quite a bit of things in place to support that many people.”
Currently, the estimated size of Etzanoa at a population of 20,000 puts it second in size only to the 13th Century settlement of Cahokia near St. Louis, but the exact boundaries of the settlement at Etzanoa is still unknown and some suspect that further discoveries may show that Etzanoa is larger than Cahokia.
“The settlement does go north of Arkansas City,” Randel said, “We don’t know how far north it goes.”

How to Get Involved in the Project…


Randel stated that the Etzanoa Conservancy welcomes volunteers and involvement with the project and she will bring information on volunteering and getting involved.  For more information, check out www.ks-schgs.blogspot.com.
 Articles about Etzanoa:

Lost city found: Etzanoa of the great Wichita Nation
http://www.kansas.com/news/state/article144968264.html

Lost City of Etzanoa Found

Etzanoa: The Great Settlement

WSU professor, students continue research on archaeological discovery


 WikiPedia - Rayado Indians

Etzanoa Facebook Page
https://www.facebook.com/Etzanoa/

Searching for Etzanoa

Has a High School Student Found the Mythical City of Etzanoa

The Lost Ancient City of Etzanoa Has Been Hidden in Kansas All This Time
http://www.natureworldnews.com/articles/37456/20170420/the-lost-ancient-city-of-etzanoa-has-been-hidden-in-kansas-all-this-time.htm









07 November 2017

Newspaper Article - Thief steals Money from old soldier's Stocking


"Took it From His Stocking"

Walnut Valley Times
3 July 1901
Wednesday, Page 3, Column 1



"Took it From His Stocking"
Transcription
Walnut Valley Times
3 July 1901
Wednesday, Page 3, Column 1

Arkansas City, Kan. July 3 - C. O. Cato, an old soldier from Davis county, IA., 
en route to the new Indian country, was robbed of $327 cash while asleep in 
his wagon here. Cato put the money i his stocking and while he slept a thief 
cut the bottom out of the stocking and took the money.

Old newspapers are fascinating!

07 September 2017

June 23, 1894 - Mayfield Voice
Page 359 - "Mayfield: Then & Now"

Mayfield has been visited by quite a few tramps on their way to join the Coxey Army.

Quite a number of our Mayfield people attended Children's day exercises at Silver Creek.

The Mayfield Voice was published from March 16, 1894, until February 28, 1895.  Subscription price was $1.00 per year in advance, and it was published every Friday by Lyman Naugle. Office of Publication on Washington Avenue,Wellington, Kansas.  Telephone No. 26. 

30 August 2017

June 15, 1894 - Corbin News - page 359, Mayfield Then and Now

June 15, 1894 - Corbin News in the Mayfield Voice
Page 359, Mayfield: Then and Now

Charlie, when you go swimming, don't leave your clothes in the wagon unless you tie your team.
("Mayfield: Then and Now" co-author Elaine Clark's note: I'll bet everyone in Corbin - and many in Mayfield - knew Charlie's last name!)

(Sherry's Note: I love old newspapers!  You never know what you'll find when you turn the page, but small-town news often had cute little tidbits like this!)

The Mayfield Voice was published from March 16, 1894, until February 28, 1895.  Subscription price was $1.00 per year in advance, and it was published every Friday by Lyman Naugle. Office of Publication on Washington Avenue,Wellington, Kansas.  Telephone No. 26. 

06 August 2017

December 24, `1891 – The Sumner County Standard
Page 358 - "Mayfield: Then & Now"

Mr. Editor, we thought to furnish the many readers of the STANDARD a few facts in reference to the productiveness of Osborn township and vicinity of Mayfield, would not be amiss, and following we will give names of farmers from who we have gathered this information.

Sanford McCormick
50 acres of wheat average yield per acre         27 bu
30 acres oats, average per acre                       50 bu
50 acres corn average yield per acre               40 bu

John Baker
60 acres wheat, average yield                          27 bu
40 acres corn average yield                             35 bu

James Daily
50 acres wheat, average yield                          30 bu
50 acres corn average yield                             35 bu

B. P. Brummett
60 acres wheat, average yield                          25 bu
40 acres corn, average yield                            40 bu
 6 acres oats, average yield                              60 bu

Minor Umau
11 acres wheat, average yield                           32 bu
50 acres corn, average yield                             40 bu

W. J. Nunn
300 acres wheat, average yield                          20 bu
45 acres corn, average yield                              40 bu
60 acres oats, average yield                               40 bu

Goodrum Bros
100 acres wheat, average yield                          27 bu
90 acres corn, average yield                              40 bu
100 acres oats, average yield                             40 bu

John Good
90 acres wheat, average yield                             25 bu
35 acres corn, average yield                               45 bu

Alexander Hill
70 wheat, average yield                                      20 bu
35 acres corn, average yield                               45 bu
15 acres oats, average yield                                50 bu

Weeber Bros
115 acres wheat, average yield                            23 bu
15 acres oats, average yield                                30 bu

Ed Threlfall
110 ten acres wheat, average yield                      23 bu
40 acres corn, average yield                               40 bu

Lee Evans           
100 acres wheat, average yield                           27 bu

Raider Bros
45 acres wheat, average yield                             26 bu
18 acres oats, average yield                                62 bu
50 acres corn, average                                       40 bu


15 March 2017

"Women Writers on the Santa Fe Trail" - Saturday, March 18th


          

FOR MORE INFORMATION:

March 12, 2017                                     Sherry Kline, 1st Vice President/Programs
Sumner County Historical & Genealogical Society
PH: 316-833-6161;
skline09@gmail.com
www.ksschgs.com; www.ks-schgs.blogspot.com

“Women Writers on the Santa Fe Trail"

Wellington –Dr. Leo Oliva, author and former professor of history at Fort Hays State University, is fascinated by 19th century Kansas early settler’s history, Native-American, and military history, and is currently working on a book with Alice Anne Thompson about women who traveled the Santa Fe Trail.

“I’m mostly interested in the 19th century,” Oliva said, “twentieth century seems too recent”

Oliva will present a few of his stories about “Women Writers on the Santa Fe Trail” to members and guests of the Sumner County Historical & Genealogical Society on Saturday, March 18th, at 1:00 p.m. at the Wellington Public Library. Everyone is invited to attend the free program. For information or weather cancellations: President Jane Moore - 620-441-9835 or Vice-President Sherry Kline at 316-833-6161.

Dr. Oliva has been a member of the Kansas Humanities Council Speakers Bureau since 2010. He attended college at Ft. Hays State, received his PhD from the University of Denver, Colorado, and is the author of a dozen books, most about frontier military history (including Soldiers on the Santa Fe Trail and six of the eight fort histories in the Kansas Forts Network series).

“We are working to find stories on all the women that we can,” Oliva said, adding that they are continually finding new stories, many coming from the descendants of those women.

Oliva said that the trail was used by a very diverse group of people: African-American slaves and non-slaves, whites, Native Americans, Mexicans, and more.

According to Oliva, Susan Shelby Magoffin, Kentucky, was granddaughter of Isaac Shelby, the first governor of Kentucky, and traveled the trail in 1846 with her husband’s wagon train.

“There was an African-American woman who served in the Army for two years,” Oliva said.

“We think that she decided she wanted out of the Army because of the poor treatment of African-Americans in the service,” Oliva said, “even the discharge papers don’t state that she was a woman.”

“Another woman served in the Mexican American war and was discharged without any mention of her being a woman,” Oliva said, “she applied for a land warrant and the soldiers testified in her behalf and she got her land grant.”

Marian Sloan Russell traveled the trail five times from the age of 7 to 17, with her “single” mother. Marian’s mother, Eliza Sloan, was married to an Army officer.

According to Oliva, Marian’s grandsons have located two marriage records for Marian’s mother Eliza, but no divorce records. From all evidence, she traveled the trail with her daughter, married and remarried, and - leaving both husbands behind, though not divorcing either, continued to travel the trail. (Possibly to avoid being in the same area as either of her ex-husbands?) Oliva said that she even ran a boarding house at Ft. Hays for a short time.

Lydia Spencer Lane, who was an Army officer’s wife, traveled the trail at least 7 times, Oliva said, and Katie Bowen traveled the trail in 1851, and suffragist and abolitionist Julia Archibald Holmes, traveled the Santa Fe Trail across Kansas Territory to the Rocky Mountains, where she became the first woman to climb Pike’s Peak.

Dr. Oliva is a founding member of the Santa Fe Trail Association and Fort Larned Old Guard, served as editor of the Santa Fe Trail Association Quarterly, Wagon Tracks, for 25 years and writes a weekly newspaper column titled “Our Kansas Heritage.”

Dr. Oliva and his wife Bonita operate the family farm in north-central Kansas.

This talk is being presented thanks to a grant from the Kansas Humanities Council.